Unit 2 - Assessment in Schools

Activity 1 - Different forms of assessment

Schools should develop their own approach to assessment which meets the needs of their pupils, parents, staff and curriculum.  Statutory teacher assessment at the end of the key stage is just one part of the broader assessments that teachers make. There are 3 main forms of assessment in schools:

  1. Day-to-day formative assessment – to inform teaching on an ongoing basis
  2. In-school summative assessment – to understand pupil performance at the end of a period of teaching
  3. National statutory summative assessment – to understand pupil performance in relation to national expectations and comparisons

In the context of statutory teacher assessment, it is a school’s own assessment policy which forms the basis of a teacher’s judgements about what pupils know and can do.  This will provide the evidence upon which teachers make a judgement against the statutory teacher assessment frameworks, which are designed only to report an outcome to government at the end of the key stage.  Statutory teacher assessment, as one measure of pupil performance, helps teachers and parents to understand broadly what a pupil can do in relation to national expectations, and allows the government to hold schools to account for the education they provide to their pupils.  However, pupils will have a wider range of knowledge and skills than that covered by statutory assessment. This may be evident through other forms of assessment that take place at school and should also be reported to parents.

Read the latest guidance from the STA (Standards and Testing Agency) on this year's statutory end of Key Stage Assessments: Key Stage 1 and Key Stage 2.  In particular, read their Teacher Assessment Guidance documents. 2018's versions can be found here: KS1 and KS2.

Activity 2 - What does this look like in practice?

Download and print this file     

On one page you have a series of statements and on the other a grid. Cut out the statements and see if you can sort them using the grid to reflect how you think the different activities on the statement cards relate to the three different types of assessment on the grid.

Once you're done, compare your response with this chart that shows how some of the statements relate to the different types of assessment we see in schools.


Activity 3 - The assessment cycle in schools

Watch this video:


Activity 4 - Who has responsibility in your school?

Use this document to chart who has responsibility for the different assessment activities in your school.  Please feel free to adapt and add to the activities to reflect your circumstances.

When you have completed your responses please consider the following questions:

  • How involved are the different levels of leadership in your school?
  • Are there any activities/actions that no one appears to have responsibility for?
  • How will you find out who has responsibility?
  • What actions might arise from your findings?


Unit 3

Return to introduction